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Active-Italia: Protective Effects and Benefits of Olive Oil and Its Extracts on Women’s Health

Protective Effects and Benefits of Olive Oil and Its Extracts on Women’s Health

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Women and men share similar diseases; however, women have unique issues, including gynecologic diseases and diseases related to menstruation, menopause, and post menopause. In recent decades, scientists paid more attention to natural products and their derivatives because of their good tolerability and effectiveness in disease prevention and treatment. Olive oil is an essential component in the Mediterranean diet, a diet well known for its protective impact on human well-being.

Investigation of the active components in olive oil, such as oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol, showed positive effects in various diseases. Their effects have been clarified in many suggested mechanisms and have shown promising results in animal and human studies, especially in breast cancer, ovarian cancer, postmenopausal osteoporosis, and other disorders.

This review summarizes the current evidence of the role of olives and olive polyphenols in women’s health issues and their potential implications in the treatment and prevention of health problems in women.

1. Introduction

Olea europaea, (Oleaceae) which is commonly known as olive tree, is one of the oldest species of trees in the Mediterranean region. Olive oil (OO) is extracted from olives—the fruits of the olive tree. The crucial role of OO was investigated in the 7th century BC. Some ancient scientists have recommended using OO in several diseases related to the stomach and skin. While Mediterranean countries produce about 70% of the OO in the world, Australia and USA also produce significant amounts of OO. However, the variety and quality of OO differ among these countries.
One of the most prominent parts of the Mediterranean diet (MD) is OO consumption, which is the principal source of fats. Other components of the MD include frequent consumption of various vegetables and fruits, cereals, fish and seafood, moderate alcohol intake, and relatively low meat intake. […]

Source of the Article

By Ly, Thanh Truong Giang and Yun, Jisoo and Lee, Dong-Hyung and Chung, Joo-Seop and Kwon, Sang-Mo

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