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Category: anti-inflammatory

Alzheimer’s disease

Oleocanthal, a Phenolic Derived from Virgin Olive Oil: A Review of the Beneficial Effects on Inflammatory Disease

Virgin olive oil (VOO) is credited as being one of many healthful components of the Mediterranean diet. Mediterranean populations experience reduced incidence of chronic inflammatory disease states and VOO is readily consumed as part of an everyday dietary pattern. A phenolic compound contained in VOO, named oleocanthal, shares unique perceptual and anti-inflammatory characteristics with Ibuprofen. Over recent years oleocanthal has become a compound of interest in the search for naturally occurring compounds with pharmacological qualities. Subsequent to its discovery and identification, oleocanthal has been reported to exhibit various modes of action in reducing inflammatory related disease, including joint-degenerative disease, neuro-degenerative disease and specific cancers. Therefore, it is postulated that long term consumption of VOO containing oleocanthal may contribute to the health benefits associated with the Mediterranean dietary pattern.

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anti-inflammatory

Total polyphenolic fraction (TPF) – Assessment of the antioxidant activity of an olive oil total polyphenolic fraction and hydroxytyrosol from a Greek Olea europea variety in endothelial cells and myoblasts

Olive oil constitutes the basis of the Mediterranean diet, and it seems that its biophenols, such as hydroxytyrosol may scavenge free radicals, attracting distinct attention due to their beneficial effects in many pathological conditions, such as cancer. To the best of our knowedge, this is the first study in which the functional properties of an Olive Oil total polyphenolic fraction (TPF) and pure hydroxytyrosol were examined in order to determine their antioxidant effects at a cellular level in endothelial cells and myoblasts.

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Alzheimer’s disease

Oleacein from Italian cultivar ‘Coratina’

Oleacein, and oleocanthal has attracted great attention in recent times because of the interesting biological properties of these molecules. The synergistic effect of these components makes olive oil a true functional food with unique characteristics.

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anti-inflammatory

Oleocanthal from Olea europaea

The Virgin Olive Oil phenolic compounds include about 30 molecules from different chemical classes: phenolic alcohols, such as hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol, phenolic acids (e.g., caffeic and vanillic), flavones (luteolin and apigenin), lignans, and secoiridoids. The latter group represents the largest fraction. The principal ones are the aglycon forms of oleuropein and ligstroside, the dialdehydic forms of their decarboxymethylated derivatives, known as oleacein and oleocanthal. A protective role against cardiovascular, metabolic diseases, and human cancer has been attributed to hydroxytyrosol, oleocanthal, and oleacein –

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anti-inflammatory

Extra Virgin Oil Polyphenols Improve the Protective Effects of Hydroxytyrosol in an In Vitro Model of Hypoxia-Reoxygenation of Rat Brain

Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is the component primarily responsible for the neuroprotective effect of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO). However, it is less effective on its own than the demonstrated neuroprotective effect of EVOO, and for this reason, it can be postulated that there is an interaction between several of the polyphenols of EVOO.

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anti-inflammatory

(−)-Methyl-Oleocanthal, a New Oleocanthal Metabolite Reduces LPS-Induced Inflammatory and Oxidative Response: Molecular Signaling Pathways and Histones Epigenetic Modulation.

The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses of (−)-methyl-oleocanthal (met-OLE), a new metabolite of the extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) phenolic oleocanthal (OLE), were explored in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine peritoneal macrophages. Possible signaling pathways and epigenetic modulation of histones were studied. Met-OLE inhibited LPS-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitrite (NO) production and decreased the overexpression of the pro-inflammatory enzymes COX-2, mPGES-1 and iNOS in murine macrophages. In addition, met-OLE was able to significantly decrease the activation of p38, JNK, and ERK mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and blocked canonical and non-canonical inflammasome signaling pathways. On the contrary, met-OLE upregulated haem oxigenase 1 (HO-1) and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf-2) expression in treated cells. Finally, met-OLE pretreated spleen cells counteracted LPS induction, preventing H3K18 acetylation or H3K9 and H3K27 demethylation. Overall, these results provide novel mechanistic insights into the beneficial effects of met-OLE regarding the regulation of the immune–inflammatory response through epigenetic changes in histone markers. This revealing evidence suggests that the methylated metabolite of OLE may contribute significantly to the beneficial effects that are associated with the secoiridoid-related compound and the usual consumption of EVOO.

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anti-inflammatory

Extra virgin olive oil rich in polyphenols modulates VEGF-induced angiogenic responses by preventing NADPH oxidase activity and expression

Previous studies have shown the antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antiangiogenic properties by pure olive oil polyphenols; however, the effects of olive oil phenolic fraction on the inflammatory angiogenesis are unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of the phenolic fraction (olive oil polyphenolic extract, OOPE) from extra virgin olive oil and related circulating metabolites on the VEGF-induced angiogenic responses and NADPH oxidase activity and expression in human cultured endothelial cells.

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anti-inflammatory

Effects of Hydroxytyrosol on Atherosclerotic Lesions in apoE-Deficient Mice

The Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular mortality despite the high intake of fat, mainly derived from olive oil. Olive oil is a fruit juice with a complex composition where triglycerides of oleic acid are the main component but other biologically active compounds such as tocopherols, phenols, phytosterols, and triterpenoids are also present.

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anti-inflammatory

Hydroxytyrosol: Health Benefits and Use as Functional Ingredient in Meat

Hydroxytyrosol (HXT) is a phenolic compound drawn from the olive tree and its leaves as a by-product obtained from the manufacturing of olive oil. It is considered the most powerful antioxidant compound after gallic acid and one of the most powerful antioxidant compounds between phenolic compounds from olive tree followed by oleuropein, caffeic and tyrosol.

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anti-inflammatory

The phenolic compounds of olive oil: structure, biological activity and beneficial effects on human health

The Mediterranean diet is rich in vegetables, cereals, fruit, fish, milk, wine and olive oil and has salutary biological functions. Epidemiological studies have shown a lower incidence of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases and certain kinds of cancer in the Mediterranean area. Olive oil is the main source of fat, and the Mediterranean diet’s healthy effects can in particular be attributed not only to the high relationship between unsaturated and saturated fatty acids in olive oil but also to the antioxidant property of its phenolic compounds. The main phenolic compounds, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein, which give extra-virgin olive oil its bitter, pungent taste, have powerful antioxidant activity both in vivo and in vitro.

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anti-inflammatory

Oleocanthal Inhibits Catabolic and Inflammatory Mediators in LPS-Activated Human Primary Osteoarthritis (OA) Chondrocytes Through MAPKs/NF-κB Pathways

Oleocanthal, a phenolic compound present in extra virgin olive oil, has attracted attention since its discovery for its relevant pharmacological properties in different pathogenic processes, including inflammation. Here, we investigated the involvement of Oleocanthal in LPS-activated osteoarthritis human primary chondrocytes.

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TPF, standardized and characterized by an Oleacein and Oleocanthal content

TPF (total polyphenolic fraction) 100MG